Artichokes grow fairly well here, but they need afternoon shade and plenty of water. If you plant them in the fall, you will get heads the following spring. A healthy, mature plant should produce 6 to 9 buds, reaching a height of 4 feet with a width of 6 feet. Once established an artichoke plant can remain productive for four to seven years.
Artichokes are native of Mediterranean regions, and although not commonly grown in the U.S., California has a large commercial artichoke industry. These are very large plants that require adequate space.